Retos online para los jóvenes portugueses e italianos en 2018

Cristina Ponte

Resumen

Derivado de la encuesta EU Kids Online (2018) este artículo analiza dos temas relacionados con la creciente difusión de mensajes de odio y noticias falsas: en primer lugar, cómo los niños y jóvenes italianos y portugueses (9-17) se comportan ante los contenidos y conductas negativas online. En segundo lugar, cómo aprenden a informarse y cómo gestionan las noticias. En comparación con las encuestas anteriores realizadas en Portugal e Italia (EU Kids Online 2010, Net Children Go Mobile, 2014), los resultados evidencian un aumento de experiencias negativas en línea (mensajes de odio, imágenes violentas y sangrientas, ser víctima o perpetrador de acoso cibernético). Aunque esto ocurre con más frecuencia en Portugal, los niños italianos y portugueses presentan patrones relativamente similares de afrontamiento. En ambos, la competencia navegando o buscando información precisa es menor que la competencia tecnológicas o sociales, afectando el género y la edad. Los resultados subrayan la necesidad de empoderar a los niños con valores humanistas y alfabetizaciones críticas, como parte de una cultura de derechos y responsabilidades digitales.


Palabras clave

Competencias y habilidades informacionales; Contenidos negativos generados por el usuario; Cyberbullying, EU Kids online; Ninõs y Internet; Redes sociales

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