Influence of News-Finds-Me Perception on accuracy, factuality and relevance assessment. Case study of news item on climate change


  • Francisco Segado-Boj Universidad Complutense de Madrid, España
  • Jesús Díaz-Campo Universidad Internacional de la Rioja,
  • Enrique Navarro-Asencio Universidad Complutense de Madrid,
  • Lorena Remacha-González Universidad Internacional de la Rioja,


Palabras clave:

Factuality, News-Finds-Me, News-Sharing, Quality Perception, Relevance, Social Media


This paper analyses the effect of ‘News-Finds-Me' Perception on the user's assessment of a news item on climate change, both directly and indirectly through news-sharing habits, news-consumption habits, uses and gratifications on social media sites, prior knowledge and attitudes regarding the decision to share said news item. Ninety-six Spanish university students took a survey and were asked to read and rate the quality of a news item on climate change, then to indicate whether they would share that news item on social media. The results show that students with a higher news-finds-me perception tended to rate accuracy and factuality more highly than students with a lower news-finds-me perception. However, relevance was not different between the two groups. Hence, it is concluded that 'News-Finds-Me' Perception lowers the user’s expectations and standards of journalism quality but has no influence on the relevance of the news item. As for sharing intentions, none of the aspects considered in the assessment of the news item had an effect on the decision to share that item.


Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitivity (MINECO/AEI/FEDER)


Anspach, N. M.; Jennings, J. T. & Arceneaux, K. (2019). A little bit of knowledge: Facebook’s News Feed and self-perceptions of knowledge. Research & Politics, 6(1).

Antunovic, D.; Parsons, P. & Cooke, T. R. (2018). ‘Checking’ and googling: Stages of news consumption among young adults. Journalism, 19(5), 632–648.

Barnidge, M. (2015). The role of news in promoting political disagreement on social media. Computers in Human Behavior, 52, 211–218.

Bene, M. (2017). Go viral on the Facebook! Interactions between candidates and followers on Facebook during the Hungarian general election campaign of 2014. Information, Communication & Society, 20(4), 513–529.

Bentler, P. (2004). EQS 6 Structural Equations Program Book. Encino: Multivariate Software.

Bobkowski, P. S. (2015). Sharing the News: Effects of Informational Utility and Opinion Leadership on Online News Sharing. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly, 92(2), 320–345.

Bode, L. (2017). Closing the gap: gender parity in political engagement on social media. Information, Communication & Society, 20(4), 587–603.

Byrne, B. M. (2009). Structural Equation Modeling with AMOS. Second edition. Structural equation modeling with AMOS Basic concepts applications and programming. Routledge.

Cappella, J. N.; Kim, H. S. & Albarracín, D. (2015). Selection and Transmission Processes for Information in the Emerging Media Environment: Psychological Motives and Message Characteristics. Media Psychology, 18(3), 396–424.

Carlson, M. (2016). Embedded Links, Embedded Meanings. Social media commentary and news sharing as mundane media criticism. Journalism Studies, 17(7), 915–924.

Chang, J. J.; Kim, S.-H.; Shim, J. C. & Ma, D. H. (2016). Who Is Responsible for Climate Change? Attribution of Responsibility, News Media, and South Koreans’ Perceived Risk of Climate Change. Mass Communication and Society, 19(5), 566–584.

Choi, J. & Lee, J. K. (2015). Investigating the effects of news sharing and political interest on social media network heterogeneity. Computers in Human Behavior, 44, 258–266.

Chyi, H. I. & Yang, M. J. (2009). Is Online News an Inferior Good? Examining the Economic Nature of Online News among Users. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly, 86(3), 594–612.

Dafonte-Gómez, A. (2018). News Media and the Emotional Public Sphere| Audiences as Medium: Motivations and Emotions in News Sharing. International Journal of Communication, 12, 2133–2152.

DeVellis, R. F. (2017). Scale development: Theory and applications. Los Angeles: SAGE Publications.

Feezell, J. T. (2018). Agenda Setting through Social Media: The Importance of Incidental News Exposure and Social Filtering in the Digital Era. Political Research Quarterly, 71(2), 482–494.

Fletcher, R. & Nielsen, R. K. (2018). Are people incidentally exposed to news on social media? A comparative analysis. New Media and Society, 20(7), 2450–2468.

Gao, Q. & Feng, C. (2016). Branding with social media: User gratifications, usage patterns, and brand message content strategies. Computers in Human Behavior, 63, 868–890.

Gaviria Soto, J. L.; Bienciento López, M. C. & Navarro, E. (2009). Invarianza de la estructura de covarianzas de las medidas de rendimiento académico en estudios longitudinales en la transición de Educación Primaria a Secundaria. Revista de Educación, (348), 153–173.

Gil de Zúñiga, H. & Diehl, T. (2019). News finds me perception and democracy: Effects on political knowledge, political interest, and voting. New media & society, 21(6), 1253-1271.

Gil De Zúñiga, H.; Huber, B. & Strauß, N. (2018). Social Media and Democracy. El Profesional de La Información, 27(6), 1172–1182.

Gil de Zúñiga, H.; Weeks, B. & Ardèvol-Abreu, A. (2017). Effects of the News-Finds-Me Perception in Communication: Social Media Use Implications for News Seeking and Learning About Politics. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 22(3), 105–123.

Hair, J. F.; Black, W. C.; Babin, B. J. & Anderson, R. E. (2014). Multivariate data analysis. Pearson custom library. Essex: Pearson.

Hart, W.; Albarracín, D.; Eagly, A. H.; Brechan, I.; Lindberg, M. J. & Merrill, L. (2009). Feeling validated versus being correct: a meta-analysis of selective exposure to information. Psychological Bulletin, 135(4), 555–588.

Hasell, A. & Weeks, B. E. (2016). Partisan Provocation: The Role of Partisan News Use and Emotional Responses in Political Information Sharing in Social Media. Human Communication Research, 42(4), 641–661.

Hyun, K. D. & Kim, J. (2015). Differential and interactive influences on political participation by different types of news activities and political conversation through social media. Computers in Human Behavior, 45, 328–334.

Jensen Schau, H. & Gilly, M. C. (2003). We Are What We Post? Self-Presentation in Personal Web Space. Journal of Consumer Research, 30(3), 385–404.

Kalsnes, B. & Larsson, A. O. (2018). Understanding News Sharing Across Social Media. Journalism Studies, 19(11), 1669–1688.

Karnowski, V.; Kümpel, A. S.; Leonhard, L. & Leiner, D. J. (2017). From incidental news exposure to news engagement. How perceptions of the news post and news usage patterns influence engagement with news articles encountered on Facebook. Computers in Human Behavior, 76, 42–50.

Kaufman, A. R.; Dwyer, L. A.; Land, S. R.; Klein, W. M. P. & Park, E. R. (2018). Smoking-related health beliefs and smoking behavior in the National Lung Screening Trial. Addictive Behaviors, 84, 27–32.

Khuntia, J.; Sun, H. & Yim, D. (2016). Sharing News Through Social Networks. International Journal on Media Management, 18(1), 59–74.

Kirk, A. H. P.; Ng, B. S. P.; Lee, A. N.; Ang, B. & Lee, J. H. (2015). Perceptions of Pediatric Critical Care Nurses on the Initiation of a Nursing-Led Feeding Protocol. Journal of Nursing Research, 23(4), 308-312.

Knobloch-Westerwick, S. & Kleinman, S. B. (2012). Preelection Selective Exposure. Communication Research, 39(2), 170–193.

Kümpel, A. S. (2018). The Issue Takes It All? Digital Journalism, 7(2), 165-186.

Lee, S. K.; Lindsey, N. J. & Kim, K. S. (2017). The effects of news consumption via social media and news information overload on perceptions of journalistic norms and practices. Computers in Human Behavior, 75, 254–263.

La Vanguardia (19/04/2017). Este río ha desaparecido y los científicos culpan al cambio climático.

Liu, Y.; Rui, J. R. & Cui, X. (2017). Are people willing to share their political opinions on Facebook? Exploring roles of self-presentational concern in spiral of silence. Computers in Human Behavior, 76, 294-302.

Ma, L.; Sian Lee, C. & Hoe-Lian Goh, D. (2014). Understanding news sharing in social media. Online Information Review, 38(5), 598–615.

Matsa, K. E. & Shearer, E. (2018). News Use Across Social Media Platforms 2018. Pew Research Center.

McLeod, J. M. (2000). Media and civic socialization of youth. Journal of Adolescent Health, 27(2), 45–51.

Metzger, M. J.; Flanagin, A. J.; Eyal, K.; Lemus, D. R. & Mccann, R. M. (2003). Credibility for the 21st Century: Integrating Perspectives on Source, Message, and Media Credibility in the Contemporary Media Environment. Annals of the International Communication Association, 27(1), 293–335.

Mitchell, A.; Simmons, K.; Matsa, K. E. & Silver Laura. (2018). People in poorer countries just as likely to use social media for news as those in wealthier countries. Pew Research Center.

Newman, N.; Fletcher, R.; Kalogeropoulos, A.; Levy, D. A. L. & Nielsen, R. K. (2018). Digital News Report. Reuters Institute.

Ngai, E. W. T.; Tao, S. S. C. & Moon, K. K. L. (2015). Social media research: Theories, constructs, and conceptual frameworks. International Journal of Information Management, 35(1), 33-44.

Noguera-Vivo, J. M. (2018). You get what you give: Sharing as a new radical challenge for journalism. Communication & Society, 31(4), 147–158.

Picone, I.; De Wolf, R. & Robijt, S. (2016). Who Shares What with Whom and Why? Digital Journalism, 4(7), 921–932.

Segado-Boj, F. (2020). Research on social media and journalism (2003-2017): a bibliometric and content review. Transinformação, 32.

Segado-Boj, F.; Díaz-Campo, J. & Navarro-Sierra, N. (2020). Emociones y diffusion de noticias sobre el cambio climático en redes sociales. Influencia de hábitos, actitudes previas y usos y gratificaciones en universitarios. Revista Latina de Comunicación Social, 75, 245-269.

Segado-Boj, F.; Díaz-Campo, J. & Quevedo-Redondo, R. (2019). Influence of the 'News Finds Me' Perception on News Sharing and News Consumption on Social Media. Communication Today, 10(2), 90-105.

Schweisberger, V.; Billinson, J. & Chock, T. M. (2014). Facebook, the Third-Person Effect, and the Differential Impact Hypothesis. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 19(3), 403–413.

Shehata, A. & Strömbäck, J. (2018). Learning Political News from Social Media: Network Media Logic and Current Affairs News Learning in a High-Choice Media Environment. Communication Research.

Shi, J.; Lai, K. K.; Hu, P. & Chen, G. (2017). Understanding and predicting individual retweeting behavior: Receiver perspectives. Applied Soft Computing, 60, 844–857.

Shin, J. & Thorson, K. (2017). Partisan Selective Sharing: The Biased Diffusion of Fact-Checking Messages on Social Media. Journal of Communication, 67(2), 233–255.

Singer, J. B. (2014). User-generated visibility: Secondary gatekeeping in a shared media space. New Media & Society, 16(1), 55–73.

Son, I.; Lee, D. & Kim, Y. (2013). Understanding the Effect of Message Content and User Identity on Information Diffusion in Online Social Networks. PACIS 2013 Proceedings.

Spohr, D. (2017). Fake news and ideological polarization. Business Information Review, 34(3), 150–160.

Stempel, C.; Hargrove, T. & Stempel, G. H. (2007). Media Use, Social Structure, and Belief in 9/11 Conspiracy Theories. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly, 84(2), 353–372.

Sundar, S. S. (1999). Exploring Receivers’ Criteria for Perception of Print and Online News. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly, 76(2), 373–386.

Trilling, D.; Tolochko, P. & Burscher, B. (2017). From Newsworthiness to Shareworthiness. How to Predict News Sharing Based on Article Characteristics. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly, 94(1), 38–60.

Weeks, B. E.; Lane, D. S.; Kim, D. H.; Lee, S. S. & Kwak, N. (2017). Incidental Exposure, Selective Exposure, and Political Information Sharing: Integrating Online Exposure Patterns and Expression on Social Media. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 22(6), 363–379.

Winter, S.; Metzger, M. J. & Flanagin, A. J. (2016). Selective Use of News Cues: A Multiple-Motive Perspective on Information Selection in Social Media Environments. Journal of Communication, 66(4), 669–693.


Estadísticas en RUA



Cómo citar

Segado-Boj, F., Díaz-Campo, J., Navarro-Asencio, E., & Remacha-González, L. (2020). Influence of News-Finds-Me Perception on accuracy, factuality and relevance assessment. Case study of news item on climate change. Revista Mediterránea De Comunicación, 11(2), 85–103.



Dossier monográfico: Noticias falsas y su impacto en la credibilidad de los medios