Revista Mediterránea de Comunicación

El estado de “Europeanización”: Entre conflicto y convergencia. Una comparación de cobertura de las Elecciones Europeas 2019 en siete países

Gerret von-Nordheim, Tina Bettels-Schwabbauer, Philip Di-Salvo, Paula Kennedy, Kornélia-R. Kiss, Michal Kuś, Ana Pinto-Martinho, Sandra Stefanikova, Décio Telo

DOI: https://doi.org/10.14198/MEDCOM000021

Resumen

La “europeización” de las esferas públicas nacionales es una cuestión de crear un espacio mediático discursivo dentro de la UE. Hay fuerzas de convergencia, como redes en el espacio digital. Al mismo tiempo, hay fuerzas contrarias, un creciente nacionalismo y populistas que critican las élites a “Bruselas”. Aparentemente, la visión de una esfera pública europea comparte su suerte con el proyecto europeo: después de años de crisis, el optimismo se convirtió en desilusión. Utilizando la cobertura mediática de las elecciones de la UE de 2019 en siete países europeos (57.943 artículos de Alemania, Hungría, Italia, Polonia, Portugal, la República Checa y el Reino Unido), dibujamos cuadro de un público heterogéneo de la UE. Resulta claramente que la europeización horizontal y vertical requieren interpretaciones diferenciadas. Un alto grado de europeización horizontal indica una cobertura mediática convergente y pro-europea (como Alemania o Portugal), un alto grado vertical puede indicar un público polarizado o un panorama mediático poco libre (como el Reino Unido o Hungría). En cuanto a metodología, el estudio muestra que una combinación de análisis de contenido computacional y cooperación internacional puede adelantar la investigación en el público europeo.


Palabras clave

Europeanización; Esfera pública europea; Elecciones UE; LDA; Modelado de temas; Investigación comparativa

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.14198/MEDCOM000021





Copyright (c) 2021 Gerret von-Nordheim, Tina Bettels-Schwabbauer, Philip Di-Salvo, Paula Kennedy, Kornélia-R. Kiss, Michal Kuś, Ana Pinto-Martinho, Sandra Stefanikova, Décio Telo

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